Introduction to the United Nations Security Council
The Security Council is the primary body of the United Nations which is fundamentally taken purpose to maintain international peace and security by solution focused negotiations regarding the crucial issues all across the globe. There are five powerful countries name Republic of China, Russian Federation, France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America which are the permanent members of the Security Council. They have obtained this power by the reason of the World War II. They have power to veto (in the other word ‘cancel’) any and all decisions as a substantive resolution. Especially the votes from the permanent countries are essential in case of the majority under the 3/5 in the house.
Ten non permanent members are elected in several terms due to processes Since the UN Security Council is authorized as a most powerful body; the decisions which are taken behind closing doors and capable for the inclusion of the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action. Additionally the capability of this council includes the implementation of additional measures which are not limited to armament to strengthen ‘’previous decisions that may include complete or partial interruptions of the economic and diplomatic relations and means of communication such as blockades, economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial penalties and restrictions, travel bans, and severance of diplomatic relations’’ by the aim of ‘’ eliminate not only threats to international security, but also civil wars, natural disasters, and terrorism’’ according to the Chapter VII, Article 41 of the official Charter of United Nations.
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USG: Sacit Can Soyen & Adnan Cem Kıral
Academic Assistant: Pelin Baran